Once the pride of Cincinnati's RKO Albee Theatre, the magnificent sound of the Mighty Wurlitzer Organ once again entertains audiences in Cincinnati!
Through the generosity of a donor who wishes to remain anonymous, coordinated through the efforts of the nonprofit organization Friends of Music Hall, led at the time by Norma Petersen, this remarkable instrument now has a permanent home in the ballroom of historic Music Hall.
The History of this Wurlitzer Organ
The organ was built for Cincinnati's RKO Albee Theatre in a factory in a suburb of Buffalo, New York, and cost $55,000. It was shipped to Cincinnati in late July, 1927, and installed that fall in the newly-constructed theatre, which was on Fifth Street, just east of Vine. The elegant and lavishly decorated Albee opened its doors on Christmas Eve, 1927, with the silent feature (aka photoplay) "Get Your Man," along with performances by a jazz group, dancers, a coloratura soprano, and a comedy dancing duo.
In the early decades of the twentieth century, a theatre organ accompanied the showing of silent films. However, as the Wurlitzer organ was being installed in Cincinnati's Albee Theatre, Hollywood was taking the movies in another direction. The "talkies" had arrived with the October 6, 1927, showing of "The Jazz Singer" in New York's Warners' Theatre. However, this new style of film wasn't shown in Cincinnati until March 25, 1928, as theaters needed to purchase and install new equipment to accommodate films with sound.
While it would seem the "talkies" meant the demise of the Wurlitzer, the organ was still played as people arrived, during intermission, to accompany certain performances, and for organ concerts.
In the late 1960s, RKO donated the organ to the Ohio Mechanics Institute, which owned the Emery Auditorium. The Ohio Valley chapter of the American Theatre Organ Society installed the organ in the Emery Auditorium in 1977. They maintained and played the organ for movie and concert audiences for 22 years as volunteers. In 1999 when the Emery Theater closed, the Wurlitzer was placed in storage under the care of the Ohio Valley chapter.
In 2003, David Klingshirn, founder of the American Classical Music Hall of Fame, was contacted by someone who wanted to fund the rebuilding of the organ. This individual hoped the organ could be installed in Memorial Hall, just south of Music Hall. However, that plan fell through. A proposal surfaced to place the organ in the Music Hall Ballroom, which was believed to be a more suitable location.
The Resurrection of the Mighty Wurlitzer
With an agreement to install the Wurlitzer, and funding in place, Ronald F. Wehmeier started restoration work in 2007.
The "Albee" Mighty Wurlitzer organ now has 31 ranks of 2,000 pipes. The arrangement includes classical ranks which were not part of the original and which expand the organ's repertoire. (A rank is a complete set of pipes, like the violin, the flute, the trumpet, and so on.)
The Steinway Duo-Art Grand Piano
Mr. Wehmeier also added a Steinway Duo-Art Grand 6-foot-6 which he rebuilt and restored. The Steinway was built in 1923-24 in New York. In 1925, the case of the piano was enlarged to accommodate a Duo-Art reproducing player.
The Steinway is playable from the organ console at various pitches. Also, it all comes through the solid-state relay.
In Music Hall
Organ chambers for all the pipes were constructed on the west side of the ballroom and are somewhat "hidden" behind gold-colored grillwork. The center of the grillwork is from the Albee Theatre. Both the organ and the piano are on moveable platforms placed in front of the ballroom's west stage for performances.
When not in use, the consoles are stored in a spotlighted, glass-doored room at the northwest corner of the ballroom.
The Mighty Wurlitzer organ was dedicated on November 28, 2009.
Organ Concerts in Music Hall
The Friends of Music Hall (FMH) make sure the community has ample opportunity to hear the organ. Concerts are held several times a year
and FMH brings in the best organists from around the country. Attendance at these concerts is great. In particular Holiday Concert tickets sell out quickly.
Ron Wehmeier is usually in the house for these concerts and enjoys taking theatre organ enthusiasts behind the scenes.
The Wurlitzer Company
The Wurlitzer Company was founded in Cincinnati in the mid 1800s and originally created a variety of musical instruments. The company's most famous product was the pipe organ, which became known as the "Mighty Wurlitzer" – a designation which became a symbol of quality.
These organs were designed as a "one-man orchestra" and are remembered by many as the "score" or accompaniment to silent movies.
Top organ Image credit: Philip Groshong Photography.